Hall of Fame Membership and Career Strikeout Rate Below 10%

Suffering through the post-season with little to do but monitor the Hot Stove League developments and the Hall of Fame ballot debates, I find myself thankful for Baseball Reference and its treasure of information. While perusing the Hall of Fame Batting Statistics, I was not surprised to see that Reggie Jackson leads all members with 2,597 strikeouts, but I was a little surprised to notice that Jackson recorded 13 more strikeouts in his career than he did hits: 2,584. This naturally led me to wonder which Hall of Famers had the lowest career strikeout rates.

After downloading the stats and adding a strikeout percentage per plate appearances column to the spreadsheet, I realized that I needed to limit the query to only those batters with at least 6,000 career plate appearances in order to omit the many pitchers who played in the pre-DH era. I also chose to limit the query to those players whose careers lasted until at least 1970 in order to focus on just those batters who have had to do battle against the modern science and strategies of major league pitching.

The following list of 49 Hall of Fame members is ranked from lowest to highest strikeout rate per plate appearances:

Rank Name PA SO SO %
1 Tony Gwynn 10232 434 4.24%
2 Ozzie Smith 10778 589 5.46%
3 Luis Aparicio 11230 742 6.61%
4 Wade Boggs 10740 745 6.94%
5 George Brett 11625 908 7.81%
6 Brooks Robinson 11782 990 8.40%
7 Bill Mazeroski 8379 706 8.43%
8 Al Kaline 11596 1020 8.80%
9 Joe Morgan 11329 1015 8.96%
10 Barry Larkin 9057 817 9.02%
11 Tim Raines 10359 966 9.33%
12 Rod Carew 10550 1028 9.74%
13 Hank Aaron 13941 1383 9.92%
14 Billy Williams 10519 1046 9.94%
15 Carl Yastrzemski 13992 1393 9.96%
16 Cal Ripken, Jr. 12883 1305 10.13%
17 Paul Molitor 12167 1244 10.22%
18 Roberto Alomar 10400 1140 10.96%
19 Robin Yount 12249 1350 11.02%
20 Gary Carter 9019 997 11.05%
21 Eddie Murray 12817 1516 11.83%
22 Ernie Banks 10394 1236 11.89%
23 Roberto Clemente 10211 1230 12.05%
24 Willie Mays 12496 1526 12.21%
25 Kirby Puckett 7831 965 12.32%
26 Joe Torre 8802 1094 12.43%
27 Rickey Henderson 13346 1694 12.69%
28 Frank Robinson 11742 1532 13.05%
29 Orlando Cepeda 8698 1169 13.44%
30 Ryne Sandberg 9282 1260 13.57%
31 Dave Winfield 12358 1686 13.64%
32 Frank Thomas 10075 1397 13.87%
33 Andre Dawson 10769 1509 14.01%
34 Craig Biggio 12504 1753 14.02%
35 Carlton Fisk 9853 1386 14.07%
36 Ron Santo 9397 1343 14.29%
37 Ivan Rodriguez 10270 1474 14.35%
38 Mike Piazza 7745 1113 14.37%
39 Johnny Bench 8674 1278 14.73%
40 Lou Brock 11240 1730 15.39%
41 Jim Rice 9058 1423 15.71%
42 Ken Griffey, Jr. 11304 1779 15.74%
43 Willie McCovey 9692 1550 15.99%
44 Jeff Bagwell 9431 1558 16.52%
45 Tony Perez 10861 1867 17.19%
46 Harmon Killebrew 9833 1699 17.28%
47 Mike Schmidt 10062 1883 18.71%
48 Willie Stargell 9027 1936 21.45%
49 Reggie Jackson 11418 2597 22.74%

The list of batters on the 2018 Hall of Fame ballot ranked in the same way:

Rank Name PA SO SO %
1 Omar Vizquel 12013 1087 9.05%
2 Gary Sheffield 10947 1171 10.70%
3 Vladimir Guerrero 9059 985 10.87%
4 Johnny Damon 10917 1257 11.51%
5 Barry Bonds 12606 1539 12.21%
6 Chipper Jones 10614 1409 13.27%
7 Edgar Martinez 8674 1202 13.86%
8 Larry Walker 8030 1231 15.33%
9 Jeff Kent 9537 1522 15.96%
10 Scott Rolen 8518 1410 16.55%
11 Fred McGriff 10174 1882 18.50%
12 Manny Ramirez 9774 1813 18.55%
13 Andruw Jones 8664 1748 20.18%
14 Sammy Sosa 9896 2306 23.30%
15 Jim Thome 10313 2548 24.71%

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George Brett, Kansas City Royals, Hall of Fame

George Brett was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1999 after a 21 year career with the Kansas City Royals. According to Baseball Reference, he ended his career with a Wins Above Replacement rating of 88.4. Brett is the only MLB player to ever win 3 batting titles in 3 different decades: 1976, 1980, and 1990. In 1980 he was selected American League MVP after posting an amazing slashline of .390 BA/.454 OBP/.664 SLG/1.118 OPS. Over the course of his career, Brett was awarded 3 Silver Sluggers, 1 Gold Glove, and appeared in 13 All-Star Games.

Brett finished behind Mike Hargrove and Bucky Dent for 1974 American League Rookie of the Year honors, neither of whom are in the Hall of Fame. Brett hit 665 doubles in his career ranking him #5 all time among Hall of Famers.

Brett was a consummate hitter who rarely went down on strikes. Among Hall of Fame members from the modern era with at least 10,000 plate appearances, Brett ranks #5 with the lowest strike out rate of just 7.81%. Only Tony Gwynn, Ozzie Smith, Luis Aparicio, and Wade Boggs had lower strikeout rates. Click here to see the table.

Here is a list of the George Brett cards that I currently have in inventory. Send an email message to BigBubbo@yahoo.com about any cards you wish to purchase or talk trade. I personally collect Bob Gibson, Roberto Clemente, Tom Seaver, St. Louis Cardinals – especially from the 60’s, 1969 and 1986 New York Mets, and 1985 Kansas City Royals.

Related pages:

George Brett 1983 All Star1983 Topps All Star

I love this facial expression. I can just hear Brett thinking “What is that Billy Martin up to now?!”








George Brett 1986 Topps All Star

1986 All Star (1985 Batting Average Leaders)

That classic George Brett smile! Certainly one of the most personable players in MLB history.








George Brett 1986 Topps1986 Topps

It is so strange to see a picture of George Brett wearing batting gloves!








George Brett 1987

1987 Topps

That trademark follow through pose after a base hit. Notice the lack of batting gloves!








George Brett 1989 Donruss MVP


1989 Donruss MVP

With the first-base mitt!







George Brett 1990 Fleer Players of the Decade


1990 Fleer Players of the Decade

This card commemorates the 10th anniversary of Brett winning the 1980 batting title with a .390 average – the highest average in 39 years dating back to 1941 when Ted Williams hit .406.





George Brett Donruss 90

1990 Donruss

The classic George Brett batting stance: weight back, hands back, bat down, and ready to squish the bug with the left foot.







George Brett 1990 Bowman Tiffany

1990 Bowman Tiffany card









George Brett 1990 Topps

1990 Topps









George Brett 1991 Topps


1991 Topps

The classic George Brett swing just as the left hand is about to release the bat.






George Brett 1991 Score Franchise A1991 Score The Franchise

Probably my favorite Brett card. The three bats in this photo are for the three batting titles that George Brett won over the course of three decades – the only player ever to do so. In 1990 at the age of 37, Brett became the third oldest player to win a batting title by hitting a blistering .388 after the All Star break.





George Brett Donruss 1991 Highlight

1991 Donruss Highlights

Here is the Donruss card commemorating the three titles in three decades accomplishment. Again, that classic batting stance.







George Brett 1992 Topps


1992 Topps









George Brett Now and Then

1993 Pinnacle Now and Then

Pictures of Brett as a rookie in 1973 and the future Hall of Famer in 1992.





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Does Developing and Retaining Hall of Fame Caliber Players Result in World Series Wins?

This is the second posting in a series looking at the four major league expansion teams of 1969: the Kansas City Royals, the Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals, the San Diego Padres, and the Seattle Pilots/Milwaukee Brewers. In the first posting I argued that the Royals are the most successful of these teams because they have made it to the World Series more than the other three and are the only team of the four to have won the World Series. I then argued that the 1985 World Series team was better than the 2015 World Series team because the ’85 team included four players who rank in the top 5 all time in multiple batting categories. By contrast only one member of the 2015 team holds a single season record for the Royals. In retrospect, that logic is a bit of a leap for deciding which was the better of two teams separated by 30 years, but the weight of players’ career statistics with these four teams is fundamental not only in determining the successes and failures of the four teams, but also for discovering the underlying reasons for success or failure. The intended point of the first posting was that the career longevity with the Royals of George Brett, Frank White, Willie Wilson, Hal McRae, and Amos Otis is a fundamental reason why the Royals have been the most successful of the four expansion teams.  In this posting, I argue that a lower turnover rate of the team roster is a second major factor in the success of the Kansas City Royals.

According to Baseball Reference, in their 49-year history, the Royals have had a total of 857 players on their roster, the fewest of the four expansion teams. By contrast, the Padres have had 977 players, 14% more than the Royals, and the most of the four expansion teams. The Expos/Nationals have had 905 players and the Pilots/Brewers 863. However, the higher roster turnover rate has not doomed the Padres to failure as they have made it to the World Series twice, only to lose each time. Likewise, the fact that the Pilots/Brewers roster turnover rate is less than 1% higher than that of the Royals did not result in a World Series victory in their 1982 appearance and they have made it to the post-season only 4 times, the fewest appearances of the 4 teams. The significance of roster turnover as a factor in team success or failure requires a more qualitative examination.

Baseball Reference provides a list for every Hall of Fame player to have ever been on a given teams roster. Excluding Hall of Famers listed as managers rather than players, the Royals have had only 4 players on its roster to be inducted into the Base Hall of Fame: George Brett, Orlando Cepeda, Gaylord Perry, and Harmon Killebrew. Cepeda, Perry, and Killebrew each played just one year for the Royals, the last years of their respective careers, and can hardly be considered as vital in the long-term success or failure of the team. George Brett is the only player of the four to have started and ended his career with the Royals and his importance to the long-term success of the team was detailed in the previous posting.

The San Diego Padres historical roster includes 11 members of the Base Hall of Fame. Only four of those players started their careers with San Diego and only one of the four, Tony Gwynn, ended his career as a Padre. Roberto Alomar began his career with San Diego, but spent only the first 3 of his 17 years in the major leagues as a Padre. Likewise, Ozzie Smith spent only his first 4 years in the bigs with San Diego, and Dave Winfield only his first 8. When the Padres lost the World Series in 1984 and again in 1998, Tony Gwynn was the only player on the roster who would go on to be inducted in the Hall of Fame. Would the outcome of the 1984 World Series have been different if Dave Winfield and Ozzie Smith had still been on the Padres roster?  Would the Padres have won the 1998 Series if Roberto Alomar had still been wearing a San Diego uniform? We will never know the answers, but the questions must haunt Padres fans.

The Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals developed and failed to retain 4 future Hall of Famers: Tim Raines, Randy Johnson, Andre Dawson, and Gary Carter. However, one could argue that all of these players save Johnson spent their prime years in an Expos uniform. Raines, Dawson, and Carter spent the first 13, 11, and 12 years of their careers respectively, with the Expos.  How the Expos managed to make the post-season playoffs only once in the eight-year span from 1979 to 1986 that they had Carter, Dawson, and Raines on the roster is one of the great mysteries of baseball and undermines the theory that developing and retaining quality players leads to World Series success.

Likewise, the history of the Seattle Pilots/Milwaukee Brewers also undermines the theory by imitating the low roster turnover rate of the Royals and having only 5 players on the career roster to make the Hall of Fame and yet making the post-season the fewest number of times, 4, of the four expansion teams. Hall of Famers Robin Yount and Paul Molitor were on the roster together from 1978 to 1993 and yet the Brewers made only 2 post-season appearances during that time.

So the Kansas City Royals have developed and retained the fewest number of Hall of Fame caliber players, yet they have been the most successful of the four 1969 expansion teams. What is their secret? I will keep looking.

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The 5 Greatest Position Players in Kansas City Royals History

In 1969, Major League Baseball expanded to include four new teams: the Kansas City Royals, the Montreal Expos, the San Diego Padres, and the Seattle Pilots. In the 48 years since, only the Brewers, Padres, and the Royals have made appearances in the World Series and only the Royals have ever won the World Series. The Royals and the Padres are also the only two of the four teams still located in their city of origin with the Pilots lasting only one year in Seattle before becoming the Milwaukee Brewers and the Montreal Expos becoming the Washington Nationals in 2005. These four teams provide an interesting study as a microcosm in the history of major league baseball in regard to the development of the Major League Ballplayers Association and the impact of free agency on the longevity of relationships between players, teams, and fans. This is the first of four essays that will examine each of these teams from this perspective.

Obviously, the Kansas City Royals have been the most successful of the 1969 expansion teams. They have made the playoffs in 9 of their 48 seasons. The Padres, Nationals, and Brewers have done so only 5, 5, and 4 times respectively.  The Royals have won the league pennant four times, twice the number of the Padres, and the Royals have won the World Series twice, in 1985 and in 2015.

The two Royals teams to have won the World Series are separated by 30 years and the dark days of the 1994-1995 work stoppage that transformed both the franchise and major league baseball. However, there can be no doubt that the 1985 Royals were far and away the better team.

According to Baseball Reference, the 1985 team included four players who as a group rank in the top five all-time in team history in the following batting categories: Plate Appearances, At Bats, Times on Base, Total Bases, Hits, Runs Scored, Runs Created, and Triples. These players are George Brett, Frank White, Willie Wilson, and Hal McRae. It is worth noting that Amos Otis, who retired just the year before in 1984, rounds out the top 5 in each of these categories and is therefore considered one of the top 5 Royals of all time.

While members of the 2015 world championship team are still amid their careers and therefore cannot be expected to be among the team career leaders, one should expect to find members of the 2015 team to have set single-season records at some point during their tenure with the Royals. Such is not the case. The only 2015 team member to hold a single season mark is  Mike Moustakas with 38 home runs in 2017.  Alex Gordon is tied for the second most doubles in a season with 51, three back of Hal McRae. Alcides Escobar is tied with Frank White for second most sacrifice hits in a season at 18. By contrast, George Brett holds single-season Royals records in 18 categories, Willie Wilson in 6, and Hal McRae in 2.

Not surprisingly, George Brett is the team career leader in all 8 of the categories mentioned above as well as in 19 others. Brett played all 21 of his major league seasons with the Royals, from 1973 through 1993. He won the American League batting title in 1976, 1980, and 1990. In 1980 he was named the American League Most Valuable Player after posting an incredible slash line of .390/.454/.664/1.118. He struck out only 22 times in 449 at bats (4.9%) that year. He won three Silver Slugger awards, one Gold Glove, and made 13 All-Star Game appearances.

Frank White also played his entire career in Kansas City, from 1973 through 1990. He won 8 Gold Gloves playing second base and recording a career .984 fielding percentage. He won 3 Silver Slugger awards and made 7 All-Star Game appearances. He is the career team leader in Defensive WAR with a 21.4 score and in Sacrifice Hits with 101. Frank White is second only to George Brett in Games Played, At Bats, Plate Appearances, and Hits. Frank White and George Brett are the only two players in Royals history to have their numbers retired.

Willie Wilson patrolled the outfield for Kansas City from 1976 through 1990 before finishing his career with the Chicago Cubs in 1994. He won 2 Silver Slugger awards, 1 Gold Glove, and made 2 All-Star Game appearances. He is the Royals career leader in Stolen Bases with 612 and a margin of 272.

Hal McRae is the only one of these four players not to come up through the Kansas City farm system. He began his career with the Cincinnati Reds, but played 15 seasons for the Royals from 1973 through 1987. He won the Silver Slugger award in 1982 when he led the American League with 133 RBI and 46 doubles. He also made 3 All-Star Game appearances. Hal McRae also managed the Royals from 1991 through 1994.

Amos Otis began his career with the New York Mets and played 14 seasons for the Royals before finishing his career with the Pittsburgh Pirates. He won 3 Gold Gloves and made 5 All-Star Game appearances. In addition to the 8 batting categories mentioned above, Otis ranks 3rd all time for Royals home runs, 4th all time for doubles, 2nd all time for walks, 4th all time for extra base hits, and 2nd all time for sacrifice flies.

These five players combined for 59 seasons playing for the Kansas City Royals and four of them put in a combined 20 more seasons with the Royals after winning the 1985 World Series. Only time will tell about the careers of the 2015 Royals world champions, but I doubt that the numbers will be anywhere as close.

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George Brett baseball cards for sale.